STAY CONNECTED

If you were on the Delaware Journal of Corporate Law when you were in law school, we want to hear from you! Learn about our networking events and how you can help current Journal students succeed.

THANK YOU

Thank you for the contributions you have made to the Delaware Journal of Corporate Law. With your help, the Journal has become a nationally recognized journal for corporate law.

BECOME A MENTOR

Are you willing to help a current journal law school student reach their professional goals? Please sign up as a mentor and get paired with a current journal member who would appreciate your advice.

GET UPDATES

Don’t miss out on getting updates about the Delaware Journal of Corporate Law.  Please email us your new contact information at DCJL@widener.edu so you can stay up-to-date on the latest Journal news and events!  Follow the Journal on LinkedIn & Facebook to stay connected with other past and present Journal members.

Alumni Mentor Program

The Alumni Mentor Program is a wonderful opportunity for you to give back to the Journal by advising current members.  You will be paired with a current student and hold a meet and greet event to get to know each other.  You and your mentee decide the scope of your mentor-mentee relationship.  This program has had tremendous success and we encourage you to participate.  If you are willing to be a mentor, please contact the external managing editor by emailing DCJL@widener.edu.

ALUMNI SPOTLIGHT

Mr. Brandon R. Harper

Mr. Brandon R. Harper

Connolly Gallagher LLP, Wilmington, Delaware
Mr. Richard A. DiLiberto, Jr.

Mr. Richard A. DiLiberto, Jr.

Partner, Young Conaway Stargatt & Taylor, LLP, Wilmington, Delaware
Ms. Sabrina Hendershot

Ms. Sabrina Hendershot

Morris, Nichols, Arsht & Tunnell, LLP, Wilmington, Delaware

Delaware Journal of Corporate Law Past Boards

Zachary J. Schnapp
Editor-in-Chief

Breana D. Barker
External Managing Editor

Colleen Degnan
Internal Managing Editor

Joel W. Collins
Jill K. Dolan
Ashley N. Farrell
Andrew A. Ralli
Articles Editors

Joseph D. Farris
Copy Editor

Carlene S. Clark
Web Editor

Timothy R. Akers, Jr.
Eduardo Ascolese
R. MacLeod Baldwin
Kacee R. Benson
Jillian A. Boberick
Alexandria J. Crouthamel
Phillip M. Haney
Colin A. Keith
Alberto M. Longo
T. Paul Markovits
Heather C. McFeeley
Ryan M. Messina
Robert R. Monsour
Allison M. Neff
Justin S. Pollard
Justin K. Risser
Raquel L. Silano
Staff

Kevin Packer
Editor-in-Chief

Katelyn Tuoni
External Managing Editor

Caneel Radinson-Blasucci
Internal Managing Editor

Sarah Baker
Anna Fiscella
Lindsay Killian
David Massuli
Articles Editors

Nicolas Jenner
John F. Schmutz Fellow

Kacee Benson
Breana Barker
Johnathan Buchanan
Carlene Clark
Joel Collins
Alexandra Crouthamel
Jill Dolan
Colleen Degnan
Joseph Farris
Ashley Farrell
Amanda Fedak
Melaina Hudack
Justin Pollard
Andrew Ralli
Zachary J. Schnapp
Raquel Silano
Staff

Donald Huddler Ph.D.
Editor-in-Chief

Brandon R. Harper
External Managing Editor

Ashley Callaway
Michael Laukaitis II
Johanna Peuscher-Funk
Jason Rigby
Articles Editors

Samantha D. Osborne
Internal Managing Editor

Jacob J. Fedechko
Styles Editor

Karl J. Armand
Sarah Baker
John J. Brady
Anna Fiscella
Meliana Hudack
Nicolas Jenner
Lindsay Killian
Hena Kumar
Gwen Lentine
David Massuli
John O’Toole
Kevin Packer
Caneel Radison-Blasucci
Katelyn Tuoni
Cheneise V. Wright
Staff

Jacob Fedechko
Editor-in-Chief

Sabrina M. Hendershot
External Managing Editor

Jennifer P. Buckley
Matthew B. Goeller
Kaitlin Maloney
Renee Mosley
Articles Editors

Alexander Faris
Internal Managing Editor

Ashley Diliberto
Copy Editor

Michael Laukaitis II
John O’Toole
Karl J. Armand
John J. Brady
Brandon R. Harper
Jason Rigby
Helene Episcopo
Nicholas Picollelli
Carl J. Scatena
Erin Rogers
Ashley Callaway
Samantha Darrow Osborne
Donald Huddler
Cheneise V. Wright
Christopher Kephart
Kendra A. Rodwell
Johanna Peuscher-Funk
Staff

Michael Van Gorder
Editor-in-Chief

Tara C. Pakrouh
External Managing Editor

Justin Forcier
Manuscript Editor

Andrew D. Berni
John C. Gentile
Nadiia Sagarovska Loizides
Mary T. Madden
Articles Editors

William J. Burton
Internal Managing Editor

Olufunke O. Fagbami
Copy Editor

Katharina Earle
Bluebook Editor

Gregory Flasser
Styles Editor

James C. Bandle
Alexander J. Bonder
Jennifer P. Buckley
Ashley B. Diliberto
Courtney A. Emerson
Samuel A. Faris
Jacob J. Fedechko
Matthew B. Goeller
Sabrina M. Hendershot
Brian J. King
Thomas H. Kramer
Kaitlin E. Maloney
William H. Mone
Renée M. Mosley
Laura A. O’Donnell
Erin Rogers
Scott M. Rogers
Carl J. Scatena
Paul S. Seward
Candice I. Walker
Staff

Brittany M. Guisinni
Editor-in-Chief

Michelle V. Barone
External Managing Editor

John Day
Manuscript Editor

Ryan P. Cox
Joseph M. Mulvihill
Michael S. Swoyer
Deniz S. Uzel
Adamn J. Wojewodski
Articles Editors

Andrew P. Castano
Internal Managing Editor

Geena Khomenko George
Copy EditorMichael R. Darbee
Bluebook Editor

Janna McGruddy
Styles Editor

Kristen S. Swift
Web Editor

Brandon Accardi
James Bandle
Andrew D. Berni
William J. Burton
Katherine Butler
Ryan Campbell
William R. Christman III
Denise Deike
Brian J. Doyle
Katharina Earle
Courtney A. Emerson
Olufunke O. Fagbami
Gregory Flasser
Justin Forcier
John C. Gentile
James T. Kilduff
Thomas H. Kramer
Nadiia Sagarovska Loizides
Mary T. Madden
Randall S. MacTough
Katherine M. Moughan
Laura A. O’Donnell
Christopher Opiel
Tara C. Pakrouh
William Leonidas Raisis
Sara Reedy
Scott M. Rogers
Michael Van Gorder
Staff

Nicole Sciotto
Editor-in-Chief

Marisa Defeo
External Managing Editor

Lance Margolis
Manuscript Editor

Matthew Beebe
Benjamin Chapple
Robert Crawley
John Krik
Natalie Missouri
Articles Editors

Peter Tsoflias
Internal Managing Editor

Daniel Dolente
Copy Editor

Kelly Breen
Bluebook Editor

Victoria Lodge
Styles Editor

Brandon Accardi
Jason Adkins
Nathan Barnett
Michelle Barone
Katherine Butler
Ryan Campbell
Andrew Castano
William Christman
Ryan Cox
Michael Darbee
John Day
Brian Doyle
Brian Eng
Geena George
Monika Germono
Patrick Gibson
Brittany Giusini
Kathleen Hubbert
Jovin Jose
Julie Macomb
Randall MacTough
Tim Maguire
Joseph Mulvihill
Lauren McGovern
Janna McGruddy
Matthew Murphy
Aaron Nelson
Christopher Opiel
Jason Ploppert
William Raisis
Sara Reedy
Daniel Ritterbeck
Selena Schnauffer
Kristen Swift
Mike Swoyer
Deniz Uzel
Jennette von Bargen
Adam Wojewodzki
Staff

Eric Sable
Editor-in-Chief

Aaron Stulman
External Managing Editor

Feliks Finkel
Manuscript Editor

Kyle Dunkle
Samuel Elbardissi
Joseph Grieco
Jeremy Riley
Larry Williams
Articles Editors

Ben Leisawitz
Internal Managing Editor

Phillip Giordano
Copy Editor

Sarah Ennis
Bluebook Editor

Bruce Ciallella
Styles Editor

Jason Adkins
Nathan Barnett
Matthew Beebe
Kevin Brady
Kelly Breen
Ben Chapple
Christophe Clark
Traci Cosby
Robert Crawley
Marisa DeFeo
Daniel Dolente
Brian Eng
Patrick Gibson
Jovin Jose
John Kirk
Victoria Lodge
Julie Macomb
Tim Maguire
Lance Margolis
Christian Mash
Lauren McGovern
Natalie Missouri
Matthew Murphy
Aaron Nelson
Thomas Oshinsky
Jason Ploppert
Daniel Ritterbeck
Selena Schnauffer
Nicole Sciotto
Adam Segal
Peter Tsoflias
Jennette von Bargen
Patrick Wenk
Tyler Wetering
Staff

David B. DiDonato
Editor-in-Chief

Suzanna O. Lufadeju
External Managing Editor

Jeffery J. Dunn
Manuscript Editor

Christopher Popper
Alyssa S. Rothman
Emily K. Silverstein
Marc Sposato
Articles Editors

David P. Hiester
Internal Managing Editor

Cara L. Solimine
Nathalie C. Hackett
Research Editors

Ryann M. Buckmann
Styles Editor

Jonathan Harrar
Unreported Cases Editor

Aaron C. Baker
Bruce Ciallella
Daniel R. Coleman
Kyle Dunkle
Samuel Elbardissi
Sarah Ennis
Feliks Finkel
Michael J. Follett
Roger E. Gibson
Phillip Giordano
Joseph Grieco
Brittany Haglund
Tyler J. Hall
Ben Leisawitz
Thomas F. Lucchesi
Christian Mash
Francis E. Mieczkowski, III
William J. Mulgrew, III
Thomas Oshinsky
Jeremy Riley
Eric Sable
Aaron Stulman
Jennette von Bargen
Tyler Wetering
Celisse Williams
Larry Williams
Nancy Wright
Yuanyou (Sunny) Yang
Staff

William M. Alleman
Editor-in-Chief

Samual L. Closic
External Managing Editor

Andrew J. Rennick
Manuscript Editor

Patrick A. Clary
Christopher R. King
Brett Norton
Ashleigh M. Ormsby
Articles Editors

Chris Bernard
Internal Managing Editor

Angela C. Whitesell
Seth H. Yeager
Research Editors

Kevin M. Capuzzi
Styles Editor

Achille C. Scache
Unreported Cases Editor

Aaron C. Baker
Charles T. Armbruster
Aaron C. Baker
Robert Bailey, Jr.
Bryan T. Beabout
Michael D. Blumberg
Ryann M. Buckman
Daniel R. Coleman
Christopher J. Costello
Shannon L. Dawson
Anthony V. DiCesare
David B. DiDonato
Jeffrey J. Dunn
Michael J. Follett
Roger E. Gibson
Nathalie C. Hackett
Tyler J. Hall
Jonathan Harrar
David P. Hiester
Kristopher A. Kachline
M. Jacqueline Larkin
Thomas F. Lucchesi
Suzanne O. Lufadeju
James J. McCarrie, II
Francis E. Mieczkowski, III
Abraham N. Milgraum
William J. Mulgrew
Christopher C. Popper
Alyssa S. Rothman
Emily K. Silverstein
Cara L. Solimine
Marc Sposato
Jaclyn A. Vottero
Staff

Kevin M. Gallagher
Editor-in-Chief

Joel D. Corriero
External Managing Editor

Jeffery M. Porter
Manuscript Editor

Lauren B. Cristiano
J. Zachary Haupt
Aandrew G. Mirisis
Jason J. Soltis
Articles Editors

Craig J. Springer
Internal Managing Editor

Morgan L. Seward
Kenneth I. Zarmin
Research Editors

Steven E. Kleiner
Styles Editor

Thomas L. Kearney, IV
Unreported Cases Editor

William M. Alleman
Robert Bailey, Jr.
Aaron C. Baker
Bryan T. Beabout
Chris M. Bernard
Kevin M. Capuzzi
Patrick A. Clary
Samuel L. Closic
Christopher J. Costello
Thomas W. Dekleva
Anthony V. DiCesare
Kyle B. Dickmann
Joel H. Fredricks
Yordan Z. Karov
Christopher R. King
M. Jacqueline Larkin
Adam B. Ludman
James J. McCarrie, II
Brett T. Norton
Ashleigh M. Ormsby
John S. Rabil, Jr.
Andrew J. Rennick
Achille C. Scache
Courtney L. Schultz
Stephen A. Spence
Linda J. Stengle
Jarrett K. Vine
Jaclyn A. Vottero
Angela C. Whitesell
Seth H. Yeager
Staff

Danielle K. Kuzminski
Editor-in-Chief

Mathew R. Altomare
External Managing Editor

David B. Anthony
Manuscript Editor

Kevin G. Collins
Jacqueline M. Feely
Stephanie S. Habelow
David T. May (resigned 3/08)
Articles Editors

Patricia A. Winston
Internal Managing Editor

Joan-Alice M. Burn
Glenn D. Byrum
Research Editors

Nicole M. Faries
Styles Editor

Michael J. Viscuso
Unreported Cases Editor

O. Diana Andrews
Mijrane Belizaire
Blake A. Bennett
Courtney M. Calabrese
Joel D. Corriero
Lauren B. Cristiano
Andrea L. Davis
Thomas W. Dekleva
Kyle B. Dickmann
Kevin M. Gallagher
J. Zachary Haupt
Thomas L. Kearney IV
Jason E. Kiracofe
Steven E. Kleiner
David T. May
Andrew G. Mirisis
Jeffry M. Porter
John S. Rabil
Courtney L. Schultz
Morgan L. Seward
Gabriela N. Smith
Jason J. Soltis
Craig J. Springer
Linda J. Stengle
Jarrett K. Vine
Timothy E. Wilfong
Kenneth I. Zamrin
Staff

Thomas A. Uebler
Editor-in-Chief

Amy C. Huffman
External Managing Editor

Meghan A. Adams
Lee C. Durivage
Joshua H. Meyeroff
Charles B. Vincent
Articles Editors

Corrinnie E. Amato
Technology Editor

Leigh-Anne M. Raport
Business Manager

Katherine R. Mason
Internal Managing Editor

Robert A. Bradfield
Peter S. Murphy
Robert F. Poppiti, Jr.
Adam D. Wolper
Research Editors

Richard Jahn
Unreported Cases 
Internal Standards Editor

Meghan A. Adams
Corinne E. Amato
Travis W. Bliss
Katherine R. Bloeser
Robert A. Bradfield
Kyle F. Colin
Michael A. DeNote
Lee C. Durivage
Andrew T. Evanich
Amy C. Huffman
Sarah Jarosh
Pamela A. Lee
Michael K. Martin
Robert I. Masten, Jr.
Joshua H. Meyeroff
Peter S. Murphy
Eifion Phillips
Toni-Ann Platia
Robert F. Poppiti, Jr.
Leigh-Anne M. Raport
Lawrence B. Rowe
E. Ashley Tucker
Thomas A. Uebler
Charles B. Vincent
Adam D. Wolper
Elisabeth R. Young
Staff

Keith J. Feigenbaum
Editor-in-Chief

Marcus E. Montejo
External Managing Editor

Katie W. Arrington
Matthew D’Emillio
Samuel C. Fiechter
Kenneth R. Pyle
Articles Editors

Michael S. Chuven
Internal Managing Editor

Christopher D. Olszyk, Jr.
Robert A. Turco
Amy A. Underwood
Arvid E. Von Taube
Research Editors

Richard Jahn
Unreported Cases 
Internal Standards Editor

Meghan A. Adams
Corinne E. Amato
Travis W. Bliss
Katherine R. Bloeser
Robert A. Bradfield
Kyle F. Colin
Michael A. DeNote
Lee C. Durivage
Andrew T. Evanich
Amy C. Huffman
Sarah Jarosh
Pamela A. Lee
Michael K. Martin
Robert I. Masten, Jr.
Joshua H. Meyeroff
Peter S. Murphy
Eifion Phillips
Toni-Ann Platia
Robert F. Poppiti, Jr.
Leigh-Anne M. Raport
Lawrence B. Rowe
E. Ashley Tucker
Thomas A. Uebler
Charles B. Vincent
Adam D. Wolper
Elisabeth R. Young
Staff

James G. Lare
Editor-in-Chief

Monte T. Squire
External Managing Editor

Daniel Brown
Kim Marie Detwiler
Melissa N. Donimirski
Jeremy J. Kobeski
Vincent C. Thomas
Articles Editors

C.SCOTT OSBORN
Technology Editor

MEGHAN M. BRYANT
Business Manager

Rosalynda M. Michetti
Internal Managing Editor

John S. Bolesta
Carly A. Dadson
Stephen E. Fitzgerald
Matthew J. Rifino
Research Editors

EMILY M. VANDERWEIDE
Unreported Cases 
Internal Standards Editor

Christopher A. Iacono
Editor-in-Chief

Korab R. Sejdiu
External Managing Editor

Melissa J. Bearoff
Matthew Carucci
Marcy B. Jack
Rakesh H. Mehta
Brian M. Rostocki
Articles Editors

Andrew W. Gosner
Technology Editor

Melanie A. Ford
Business Manager

Joy (Schirling) Valania
Internal Managing Editor

Leslie C. Heilman
Jamie V. Ottaviano
Sandy L. Dallabrida
Mark W. Eckard
Research Editors

Alicia A. Kratzer
Unreported Cases 
Internal Standards Editor

Emily M. Abbott
John S. Bolesta
Daniel Brown
Meghan M. Bryant
Deborah J. Buswell
Maria C. Carlucci
Carly A. Dadson
Kim Marie Detwiler
Melissa N. Donimirski
Michael P. Donohue
Jacob Fisher
Stephen E. Fitzgerald
Christopher Franzini
Brian D. Gondek
Todd I. Greenbaum
Jeffrey E. Kaylor
Jeremy J. Kobeski 
James G. Lare
James W. Layne
Daniel M. McLean
Rosalynda M. Michetti
Justin W. Oravetz
Nicholas M. Orloff
Christopher S. Osborn
Christopher Pfaff
Kristen W. Poff
Matthew J. Rifino
Cheng Song
Monté T. Squire
W. Jerry Stewart
Vincent C. Thomas
Douglas Walsh
Shaunna L. Wollpert
Staff

Elizabeth Winslow
Editor-in-Chief

Michael W. McDermott
External Managing Editor

James S. Green, Jr.
Erica Susan Helms
Troy Larson
Kay Lawson
Articles Editors

Eric Andersen
Technology Editor

Lauren Carus
Business Manager

A. Zachary Naylor
Internal Managing Editor

Stephanie Allsion
Chaneta G. Brooks
Joseph B. Cicero
Christopher DiRosato
Research Editors

Erin A. Donlon
Unreported Cases 
Internal Standards Editor

Melissa J. Bearoff
Kelly Bender
Michelle Bimson
Deborah J. Buswell
Steven L. Butler
Maria C. Carlucci
Matthew Carucci
Brian Curci
Sandy L. Dallabrida
Stephanie Derr
Mark Eckard
Jacob Fisher
Melanie A. Ford
Caterina Gatto
Andrew W. Gonser
Todd I. Greenbaum
Leslie C. Heilman
Christopher Iacono
Marcy B. Jack
Oren Klein
Mary Kranzfelder
Alicia A. Kratzer
Catherine S. Lajoie
John A. Macconi, Jr.
Daniel M. McLean
Rakesh H. Mehta
Sean A. Motoyoshi
Jamie V. Ottaviano
Christopher Pfaff
Brian M. Rostocki
Joy Schirling
Korab R. Sejdiu
Monica E. Shane
Christine L. Smith
Douglas Walsh
Amy Ward
Shaunna L. Wollpert
Staff

Charles T. Williams, III
Editor-in-Chief

John D. Wallen
External Managing Editor

Bryant A. Boohar
Jeffrey Brydzinski
Tanya E. Pino
Charles M. Terrible
Articles Editors

Brian L. Colborn
Business Manager

Cindy R. Staffelbach
Internal Managing Editor

Vanya Dugalic
Eric E. Fingerman
Candida P. Jose
Jennifer A. Lochel
Mark D. Olivere
Research Editors

Stephanie Allison
Eric Andersen
Kelly Bender
Ronald C. Berge, Jr.
Michelle Bimson
Chaneta G. Brooks
Steven Butler
Lauren Caruso
Geoffrey N.G. Christ
Joseph B. Cicero
Todd V. Clark
Brian Curci
Christopher DiRosato
Erin A. Donlon
Dianne L. Elliott
Corey Field
Nancy Garza
Mary E. Gilmer
James S. Green, Jr.
Komal Gupta
Christopher L. Kenny
Oren Klein
J. Kurtis Kline
Mary Kranzfelder
Troy Larson
Kay P. Lawson
John A. Macconi, Jr.
Michael W. McDermott
Stephen J. Milewski
Sean A. Motoyoshi
Andrew Naylor
Scott W. Reid
Andrea C. Rodgers
Monica E. Shane
Barbara M. Smith
Christine L. Smith
Amy Ward
Dolores P. Welch
Elizabeth Winslow
Staff

Jennifer L. Hawthorne
Editor-in-Chief

Matthew R. Di Clemente
External Managing Editor

James A. Landon
Ivy E. Rosier
Mark A. Schiavo
Daniel W. Scialpi
Articles Editors

Garvan F. McDaniel
Business Manager

Vladimir Korolev
Graduate Student

Heather T. Cannon
Internal Managing Editor

Joseph R. Bonfig
Craig N. Chernoff
Ann Geisheimer
Alex J. Mili, Jr.
Jennifer S. Phreaner
Research Editors

Patricia Marruchell
Digest Editor

Nicole M. Barrett
Penny Bell
Ronald C. Berge, Jr.
Adam W. Bompadre
Bryant A. Boohar
Jeffrey Brydzinski
Geoffrey N.G. Christ
Todd V. Clark
Brian L. Colborn
Suzanne K. Collins
Sarah DiLuzio
Joshua C. Dozor
Vanya Dugalic
Dianne L. Elliott
Michael W. Farlow
Mario Ferrucci III
Corey Field
Eric E. Fingerman
Nancy Garza
Mary E. Gilmer
Komal Gupta
Candida P. José
Joshua T. Klein
Jennifer A. Lochel
Nicole E. Madzelan
Deborah J. Massaro
Michael J. Needleman
Mira Ogrizovic
Mark D. Olivere
Tanya E. Pino
Scott W. Reid
Andrea C. Rodgers
Susan J. Sims
Barbara M. Smith
Cindy R. Staffelbach
Charles M. Terribile
Anthony J. Testa, Jr.
John D. Wallen
Cheryl Ann Ward
Dolores P. Welch
Charles T. Williams III
Staff

Brian J. McTear
Editor-in-Chief

Nicole M. Walker
External Managing Editor

Holly M. Barbera
Allyson A. McKenzie
Paul J. Modesti
Gregory A. Taylor
Articles Editors

Steven A. Nash
Business Manager

Patrick W. Straub
Internal Managing Editor

Lisa A. Barchi
Tiffany L. Geyer
Anne Marie Murphy
Amanda L. Uberti
Patricia R. Uhlenbrock
Research Editors

Catherine A. Hilbert
Digest Editor

Tracy L. Asper
William N. Aumenta
Nicole M. Barrett
Penny Bell
Adam W. Bompadre
Joseph R. Bonfig
Heather T. Cannon
Craig M. Chernoff
Suzanne K. Collins
Matthew R. Di Clemente
Sarah DiLuzio
Joshua C. Dozor
Tanya L. Edmonds
Michael W. Farlow
Mario Ferrucci III
Ann Geisheimer
Patrick R. Gillard
Lara C. Glenn
Jennifer L. Hawthorne
Michael T. Hollister
Heather L. King
Joshua T. Klein
James A. Landon
Nicole E. Madzelan
Patricia Marruchella
Deborah J. Massaro
Christina M. Maycen
Garvan F. McDaniel
Alex J. Mili, Jr.
Elizabeth M. Muldowney
Jennifer R. Noel
Mira Ogrizovic
Jennifer S. Phreaner
John D. Poline
Ivy E. Rosier
Dennis A. Scardilli
Mark A. Schiavo
Daniel W. Scialpi
Mark T. Sendek
Susan J. Sims
Anthony J. Testa, Jr.
Cheryl Ann Ward
Staff

J. Richard Broughton
Editor-in-Chief

Elio Battista, Jr.
External Managing Editor

Jeanne M. Brown
Kristin J. DeRidder
Jeanne A. DiGrazio
Jennifer Killough
Articles Editors

James M. Kron
Business Manager

Marlo A. Pagano
Internal Managing Editor

Andrew J. Drucker
Carolyn S. Hake
Michelle R. King
Joseph S. Naylor
Frank J. Spanitz
Research Editors

Tracy L. Asper
William N. Aumenta
Holly M. Barbera
Lisa A. Barchi
Eleanor J. Benjamin
Ninette Byelich
Tanya L. Edmonds
Natalie L. Fairman
Mario Ferrucci III
Tiffany L. Geyer
Patrick R. Gillard
Lara C. Glenn
Catherine A. Hilbert
Michael T. Hollister
Natalie M. Ippolito
Heather L. King
Christina M. Maycen
Allyson A. McKenzie
Brian J. McTear
Paul Modesti
Elizabeth M. Muldowney
Anne Marie Murphy
Steven A. Nash
Jennifer R. Noel
Angela L. Pinto
John D. Poline
Robert F. Quinn
Dennis A. Scardilli
Karen I. Schnitzer
Mark T. Sendek
Patrick W. Straub
Gregory A. Taylor
Amanda L. Uberti
Patricia R. Uhlenbrock
Nicole M. Walker
Staff

Maryanne S. Garber
Editor-in-Chief

Patricia A. Widdoss
External Managing Editor

Elizabeth R. McFarlan
Christopher J. Platt
Stephen G. Stroup
Rachel E. Tuck
Articles Editors

Charity C. Woerthwein
Business Manager

J.D. Pirnoit
Internal Managing Editor

Joseph J. Brielmann
Patrick J. Day
Shannon R. Ercole
Leslie W. Knapp, Jr.
Rachel S. Lowy
Research Editors

Elio Battista, Jr.
Eleanor J. Benjamin
J. Richard Broughton
Jeanne M. Brown
Ninette Byelich
Jeffrey Campolongo
J. Eric Churilla
Grenville R. Day
Kristin J. DeRidder
Jeanne A. Di Grazio
Daniel J. Donohue
Andrew J. Drucker
James M. Duckworth
Natalie L. Fairman
Alessandro Giribaldi
Dana R. Grigg
Carolyn S. Hake
Donna L. Harris
Natalie M. Ippolito
Jennifer Killough
Michelle R. King
James J. Kriner
James M. Kron
Aileen F. Mandigma
Julianna Merback
Michael B. Miller
Timothy P. Mullin
Joseph S. Naylor
Marlo A. Pagano
Angela L. Pinto
Robert F. Quinn
Cristie R. Robostello
William V. Roth
Scott P. Rowe
Robert Sander
Karen I. Schnitzer
Robert N. Sobol
Frank J. Spanitz
Kimberly L. Taylor
Rachel Anna Wingerter
Staff

Edward B. Micheletti
Editor-in-Chief

Christine L. Gamble
External Managing Editor

Stephen F. Funk
Dominick T. Gattuso
Dawn A. Miello
Carla C. Vanbeek
Articles Editors

Kelly E. Simpson
Business Manager

Gregory O. Harbison
Internal Managing Editor

Rene P. Calloway
Susan M. Gordon
Monica C. Phelan
Andrea B. Unterberger
Justin B. Wineburgh
Research Editors

Kimberly C. Anderman
Carol J. Antoff
Suzanne S. Becker
Joseph J. Brielmann
Marilyn H. Bromels
Jennifer C. Butler
Dean A. Campbell
Jeffrey Campolongo
J. Eric Churilla
Grenville R. Day
Patrick J. Day
Kim DeBonte
William L. Doerler
James M. Duckworth
Shannon R. Ercole
Francis E. Farren
Agnes J. Ford
Maryanne Garber
Alessandro Giribaldi
Dana R. Grigg
Donna L. Harris
Leslie N. Kart
Leslie W. Knapp, Jr.
James J. Kriner
Daniel E. Lohr
Rachel S. Lowy
Aileen F. Mandigma
Patricia A. McCracken
Elizabeth R. McFarlan
Michael B. Miller
Timothy P. Mullin
Emily I. Osiecki
John D. Pirnot
Christopher J. Platt
Donna M. Pleier
Seth J. Reidenberg
Steven E. Robertson
Cristie R. Robostello
Scott P. Rowe
Christopher P. Simon
Robert N. Sobol
Stephen G. Stroup
Kimberly L. Taylor
Rachel E. Tuck
Patricia A. Widdoss
Rachel Anna Wingerter
Charity C. Woerthwein
Staff

Demetrios G. Kaouris
Editor-in-Chief

Kristen M. Krik
External Managing Editor

Mary A. Jacobson
Malinda A. Miller
Gregory W. Werkheiser
Elizabeth A. Wilburn
Articles Editors

Mitchell A. Newark
Business Manager

Wendy F. Bleczinski
Internal Managing Editor

Michelle L. Altenpohl
Brenda G. Houck
Martin B. O’Connor
John W. Phelan
Jeffrey C. Venzie
Research Editors

Kimberly C. Anderman
Roger D. Anderson
Carol J. Antoff
Suzanne S. Becker
Marilyn H. Bromels
Jennifer C. Butler
René P. Calloway
Dean A. Campbell
Steven L. Caponi
Jeannine V. Cavagnaro
Jeffrey J Clark
Monica Cloney
Barbara M. Cosgrove
Kim Debonte
William L. Doerler
Francis E. Farren
Agnes J. Ford
Kathleen D. Friel
Daniel A. Fulco
Stephen F. Funk
Christie L. Gamble
Dominick T. Gattuso
Susan M. Gordon
Diarmuid F. Gorham
Gregory O. Harbison
Leslie N. Kart
Michael S. Levin
Daniel E. Lohr
Lori A. Magee
Kathleen P. Makowski
Ann E. Malarkey
Tara B. Matusow
Patricia A. McCracken
Jackson L. McGrady
Edward B. Micheletti
Dawn A. Miello
Bruce M. Monroe
Donald A. Nogowski
Emily I. Osiecki
Tamar K. Perfit
Donna M. Pleier
Seth J. Reidenberg
Steven E. Robertson
Timothy H. Rohs
Jean C. Rotondi
Christopher P. Simon
Kelly E. Simpson
Michael S. Takacs
Marc J. Tassone
Andrea B. Unterberger
Carla C. vanBeek
Kevin B. Weiss
Matthew C. Wilson
Justin B. Wineburgh
Staff

Hollie B. Knox
Editor-in-Chief

Barry J. Benzing
External Managing Editor

Bradford D. Bimson
Scott J. Jensen
William M. Kelleher
Theresa L. Kelly
Articles Editors

Lisa Niceforo
Business Manager

Christopher D. McDemus
Internal Managing Editor

Nicole M. Cotturo
Brad R. Krupnick
Kirsten E. McAuliffe
Christine L. Schubert
Christina A. Toriello
Research Editors

Michelle Altenpohl
Roger D. Anderson
Wendy F. Bleczinski
Steven L. Caponi
Jeannine V. Cavagnaro
Jeffrey J. Clark
Barbara M. Cosgrove
Christine L. Flynn
Kathleen D. Friel
Daniel A. Fulco
Diarmuid F. Gorham
Scott A. Holt
Brenda G. Houck
Mary A. Jacobson
Tracy S. Johnson
Demetrios G. Kaouris
Kristen M. Kirk
Michael S. Levin
Lori A. Magee
Kathleen P. Makowski
Ann E. Malarkey
Tara B. Matusow
Jackson L. McGrady
Malinda A. Miller
Rick S. Miller
Bruce M. Monroe
Michael D. Morra
Mitchell A. Newmark
Donald A. Nogowski
Martin B. O’Connor
Tamar K. Perfit
John W. Phelan
James T. Rau, Jr.
Timothy F. Rayne
Kimberly Dawn Richardson
Timothy H. Rohs
Walt F. Schmittinger
Keith C. Smith
Michael S. Takacs
Marc J. Tassone
Jeffrey C. Venzie
Gregory W. Werkheiser
Elizabeth A. Wilburn
Matthew C. Wilson
Staff

Blaine T. Phillips, Jr.
Editor-in-Chief

Richard I.G. Jones, Jr.
External Managing Editor

Michele F. Conte
Christine C. Fizzano
James L. Griffith, Jr.
Craig A. Hoogstraten
Articles Editors

Beth Glassman Schulman
Business Manager

Heather V. Weibel
Internal Managing Editor

Lisa B. Goodman
Antonella M. Madonia
Andrew P. McDowell
Patrick C. Reeder, Sr.
Kenneth R. Vennera
Research Editors

Jill Sue Brodie
William W. Keffer
Mary Catherine Landis
William H. Lunger
Stephen R. McDonnell
Victoria Roe
Rosemary R. Schnall
Charles N. Shurr, Jr.
Staff Articles Advisors

Barry J. Benzing
Bradford D. Bimson
Edward J. Bradley, Jr.
Nicole M. Cotturo
Christine L. Flynn
Karin Gatenby
Christine L. Gellert
Scott A. Holt
Scott J. Jensen
Tracy S. Johnson
William M. Kelleher
Theresa L. Kelly
Maureen E. Kerns
Melinda L. Klug
Hollie B. Knox
Brad R. Krupnick
Kevin M. Maloy
Kirsten E. McAuliffe
Christopher D. McDemus
Jennifer L. Miller
Rick S. Miller
Michael D. Morra
Lisa M. Niceforo
James T. Rau, Jr.
Timothy F. Rayne
Kimberly Dawn Richardson
Walt F. Schmittinger
Joseph Scott Shannon
Keith C. Smith
Thomas A. Strohmetz
Christina A. Toriello
Erik van Leeuwen
Thomas J. Ward
Staff

Charles W. Mitchell
Editor-in-Chief

Andrea B. Dillon
External Managing Editor

C. Drue Chichi
John Livingood, Jr.
Michael Tierney
Rafeal Zahralddin
Articles Editors

Elizabeth Seiter
Business Manager

John S. Grimm
Internal Managing Editor

Donald G. Brabson
Gary DeFranceschi
Rhonda Harris
Lisa Hunn
Debra Kohn
Research Editors

Michael P. Bonner
Regina G. Ferrara
Elise N. Grossman
Ronald F. Kidd
Peter Kirsh
Andrew D. Klein
Melissa T. Koutcher
Edward J. McGraw
John T. Meli, Jr.
Matthew F. Noone
Peter D. Santori
Christina M. Tarantelli
Note and Comment Editors

Joseph M. Asher
Nicole F. Autieri
Edward J. Bradley, Jr.
Michele F. Conte
Elia S. Di Taddeo
Daniel J. Doebele
Frazor T. Edmondson
Christine C. Fizzano
Karin Gatenby
Beth R. Glassman
Lisa B. Goodman
James L. Griffith
Craig A. Hoogstraten
Richard I.G. Jones, Jr.
Melinda L. Klug
Mary Catherine Landis
Antonella M. Madonia
Kevin M. Maloy
Andrew P. McDowell
Jennifer L. Miller
Maureen E. Panichelli
Blaine T. Phillips, Jr.
Patrick C. Reeder
Victoria Roe
Charles N. Shurr, Jr.
Deborah E. Spivack
Thomas A. Strohmetz
Erik Van Leeuwen
Kenneth R. Vennera
Thomas J. Ward
Heather V. Weibel
Staff

Joshua L. Cohen
Editor-in-Chief

Maya C. Singh-Sukthankar
External Managing Editor

William E. Malone, Jr.
John K. Semler, Jr.
Jeffery L. Silberman
Articles Editors

Susan E. Folley
Business Manager

Marianna Gaul
Internal Managing Editor

Scott D. Cousins
Gary A. Greene
Steven E. Rusak
Barbara Snapp Danberg
Research Editors

Risa Vetri Ferman
Jason S. Firestein
Sandra Franzblau
Yasmyne Laverty
Joseph J. McHale
Jonathan L. Parshall
Anne P. Peachey
Kevin R. Shannon
Haven N. Shoemaker, Jr.
Lisa C. Wood
Note and Comment Editors

Joseph M. Asher
Nicole F. Autieri
Craig E. Bennett
Michael P. Bonner
Donald G. Brabson
Nejat Bumin
C. Drue Chichi
Gary M. DeFranceschi
Andrea B. Dillon
Regina G. Ferrara
John S. Grimm
Elise N. Grossman
Rhonda F. Harris
Lisa Anne Hunn
Ronald F. Kidd
Peter S. Kirsh
Andrew D. Klein
Cynthia A. Klosowski
Debra D. Kohn
Melissa T. Koutcher
Gaetano C. Lanciano
John A. Livingood, Jr.
Edward J. McGraw
John T. Meli, Jr.
Charles W. Mitchell
Matthew F. Noone
Peter D. Santori
Elizabeth A. Seiter
Christina M. Tarantelli
Michael J. Tierney
Rafael X. Zahralddin
Kevin F. Zencak
Staff

Carolyn McKinney Afshar
Editor-in-Chief

Nadia L. Mykytiuk
External Managing Editor

Albert A. Citro, III
Lisa Duda
James A. Tamburo
Articles Editors

Thomas Hodukavich
Business Manager

Curtis C. Johnston
Internal Managing Editor

Joan P. Depfer
M. Susan Sheppard
Joseph P. Walsh
Matthew S. Wynn
Research Editors

Ruth A. Courtney
Jennifer L. Cowan
Christopher D. Curzon
John J. Fleming
Patricia A. Garthwaite
Michael J. Konowal
Brett L. Messinger
Loura Ann Oster
Peter L. Pollock
Anne Kai Toomsoo
Mary Lou Zuschnitt
Note and Comment Editors

Ruth A. Courtney
Jennifer L. Cowan
Christopher D. Curzon
John J. Fleming
Patricia A. Garthwaite
Michael J. Konowal
Brett L. Messinger
Loura Ann Oster
Peter L. Pollock
Anne Kai Toomsoo
Mary Lou Zuschnitt
Martin G. Belisario
Robert M. Buttner
Joshua L. Cohen
Scott Cousins
Jason S. Firestein
Susan E. Folley
Sandra Franzblau
Marianne Gaul
Gary A. Greene
Yasmyne Laverty
William E. Malone, Jr.
Joseph J. McHale
Jonathan L. Parshall
Staff

Colleen Tate Hagy
Editor-in-Chief

Victoria J. Hanko
External Managing Editor

Ronald A. Brown, Jr.
Marsha M. Shortell
Vincent S. Ziccolella
Articles Editors

Lief Sigmond, Jr.
Business Manager

Dale R. Dube
Internal Managing Editor

Stephanie A. Baba
Kevin W. Goldstein
Thomas C. Marshall
Jennifer L. Reynolds
Research Editors

Eric T. Bielawski
Harold N. Fliegelman
Kathleen W. Geiger
Lisa M. Jaeger
William M. Kissane
Denise M. Korch
Jeffrey S. Shorr
Vasiliky P. Vournas
Note and Comment Editors

Carolyn McKinney Afshar
Albert A. Citro, III
Ruth A. Courtney
Jennifer L. Cowan
Christopher D. Curzon
Anthony J. DiGioia, Jr.
Lisa A. Duda
Joan P. Depfer
John J. Fleming
Eileen M. Ford
Peter L. Frattarelli
Patricia A. Garthwaite
Thomas Hodukavich
Curtis C. Johnston
Michael J. Konowal
Katherine Betz Kravitz
Brett Lawrence Messinger
Leslie A. Mitnick
Diane D. Modes
Nadia L. Mykytiuk
Loura A. Oster
Peter L. Pollock
Richard P. Quinn
Jeffrey N. Rabin
M. Susan Sheppard
Craig A. Styer
James Augustusy Tamburro
Anne Kai Toomsoo
Scott P. Towers
Joseph P. Walsh
Matthew S. Wynn
Mary Lou Zuschnitt
Staff

Helen M. Richards
Editor-in-Chief

J. Michael Christopher
External Managing Editor

Anne C. Shapiro
Randall J. Towers
Articles Editors

Jeffrey B. Sibick
Business Manager

Raymond McGarry
Internal Managing Editor

Bernard G. Conaway
Daniel J. DeFranceschi
Mark W. Musser
William L. Prickett
Frances P. Rayer
Research Editors

Charlene Cathcart
Mark A. Cronin
Kathleen Friedlander
Dawn R. Getty
Thomas J. Hamill
Robert J. Jones
Kathleen K. Kerns
Susan L. Ray
Joanne Shalk
Harvey Sternberg
Andrew L. Swope
Lynda M. Volpe
Virginia A. Whitehill
Note and Comment Editors

Carolyn McKinney Afshar
Stephanie A. Baba
Eric Bielawski
Morris Alex Bowie II
Ronald A. Brown, Jr.
Brian A. Carlis
Christopher J. Cosgrove
Anthony J. DiGioia, Jr.
Faith P. DiLiberto
Dale R. Dubé
Harold N. Fliegelman
Peter L. Frattarelli
Kathleen W. Geiger
Kevin W. Goldstein
Colleen T. Hagy
Victoria J. Hanko
Larry D. Jackson
Lisa M. Jaeger
William M. Kissane
Jeffrey L. Klein
Cheryl M. Koopman
Denise M. Korch
Jodi L. Lobel
Joyce M. Lunney
Thomas C. Marshall
J. Chaffin Parrish
Ronald J. Patterson
Jeffrey N. Rabin
Jennifer L. Reynolds
Joel B. Rubinstein
Jeffrey S. Shorr
Marsha M. Shortell
Leif R. Sigmond, Jr.
Jay Taylor
Philip Trainer, Jr.
Vasiliky P. Vournas
Peter Williams
Vincent S. Ziccolella
Staff

Lisa J. Finnell
Editor-in-Chief

Robert J. Kriner
External Managing Editor

Theresa E. Loscalzo
Jonathan Shub
Articles Editors

Cheryl F. Adelman
Business Manager

Kathleen M. Kissane
Internal Managing Editor

Teresa C. Fariss
Sandra M. Krauss
William Mackin
Research Editors

Cristy B. Bell
Alan E. Denenberg
John H. Frymyer
Teresa D. Gerlock
Harry T. Grove
Lawrence W. Lewis
John I. McMahon, Jr
Frederick P. Santarelli
Edward Seglias
Joshua L. Simon
Note and Comment Editors

Charlene Cathcart
J. Michael Christopher
Bernard G. Conaway
Christopher J. Cosgrove
Mark A. Cronin
Daniel J. DeFranceschi
Faith P. DeLiberto
Kathleen Friedlander
Travis N. Gery
Dawn R. Getty
Josh Martin Greenbaum
Thomas J. Hamill
Larry Jackson
Robert J. Jones
Kathleen K. Kerns
Joyce M. Lunney
Mary Matterer
Brenda McFadden
Raymond McGarry
Mark Minuti
Mark W. Musser
Jeffrey Nydick
Daniel Palladine
J. Chaffin Parrish
William R. Peltz
Kathleen M. Pinto
William L. Prickett
Susan L. Ray
Frances P. Rayer
Helen M. Richards
Paul F. Schaaff, Jr.
Joanne Shalk
Anne Shapiro
Jeffrey B. Sibick
Harvey Sternberg
Andrew L. Swope
Jay Taylor
Cathy J. Testa
Randall J. Towers
Lynda M. Volpe
Virginia A. Whitehill
Peter Williams
Staff

Ralph H. Kohlmann
Editor-in-Chief

Sean A. Dolan
External Managing Editor

Mark A. Cleaves
Regina A. Iorii
Articles Editors

Robert M. Omrod
Business Manager

Gary B. Eidelman
Internal Managing Editor

Sandra C. Hymowitz
Joanne Phillips
John C. Sigler
Research Editors 

Sharon L. Cloud
Sharon L. Henry
M. Kathleen Delaney
William B. Miller
Carol J.Dulin
Stephen L. Nowak
Lawrence M. Frangiosa
Jerome H. Rosset
Note and Comment Editors

Cheryl F. Adelman
Cristy B. Bell
David P. Cline
Elizabeth Daniello
Alan E. Denenberg
Joseph M. Donegan
Brian G. Enright
Lisa J. Finnell
John H. Frymyer
Teresa C. Gariss
Cheryl L. Gaston
Teresa D. Gerlock
Josh Martin Greenbaum
Harry T. Grove
Gail L. Harris
Barbara J. Kaufmann
Kathleen M. Kissane
Sandra M. Krauss
Robert J. Kriner
Craig Levin
Lawrence W. Lewis
Theresa E. Loscalzo
William Mackin
Marcia J. Massco
Mary Matterer
Brenda McFadden
John I. McMahon, Jr.
Michael J. Phillips
Kathleen M. Pinto
Laura C. Pizzuto
Frederick P. Santarelli
Jonathon Shub
Joshua L. Simon
Cathy J. Testa
Brian C. Vance
Christopher H. Yaure
Staff

Arthur L. Dent
Editor-in-Chief

Joseph Schumacher
External Managing Editor

Dawn T. Furgele
Robert Levy
Articles Editors

Robert N. Hunn
Business Manager

Francis G.X. Pileggi
Internal Managing Editor

Craig S. Laughlin
Steven F. Mones
Paula M. Tilmon
Research Editors

Ronald A. Amarant
Patricia J. Chalfant
Thomas J. DiPilla
Marjorie L. Grossman
Emily B. Horton
R. Seth Hudson
Deborah S. Layton
David A. Malman
Marc S. Rosenberg
David J. Toll
Thomas R. Wilcox, III
Associate Editors

Gary S. Auerbach
Pamela J. Babett
Robert F. Ball
Peter J. Barnes, III
David L. Baumberger
Francis S. Blatcher
Ann B. Cianflone
Alan N. Cooper
Walter B. Dennen
Arthur L. Dent
Joseph J. DeRita
Richard A. DiLiberto, Jr.
Thomas Fielding
Joel L. Frank
Dawn T. Furgele
Michael J. Goggins
James D. Golkow
Carol B. Haight
Patricia L. Handy
Jeffry B. Herman
Mark John Hill
Robert N. Hunn
Arthur B. Keppel
Jean C. Kissane
Richard B. Koelle
Theodore T. Kurlowicz
Craig S. Laughlin
Robert S. Levy
Anton G. Marzano
Steven F. Mones
Michael P. Morton
Linda E. Mosakowski
Carol Ann Murphy
Jeffrey Orenstein
Francis G.X. Pileggi
Alfred J. Quasti, Jr.
Marcia F. Rosenbaum
Philip L. Rothbart
Gregory J. Rubis
Joseph Schumacher
Barbara W. Thompson
Paula M. Tilmon
Joseph P. Trabucco
James M. Tyler
Kenneth A. Vercammen
Marc D. Weiner
Jeffrey A. Wigodsky
Joanne B. Wills
Staff

Michael F. White
Editor-in-Chief

Vicki A. Hagel
External Managing Editor

James S. Godderz
Anthony R. Sherr
Articles Editors

Stuart H. Zwerling
Business Manager

Catherine H. Stockell
Internal Managing Editor

Susan W. Herron
Richard W. Hunt
Christine M. Mooney
Research Editors

Ronald A. Amarant
Patricia J. Chalfant
Thomas J. DiPilla
Marjorie L. Grossman
Emily B. Horton&
R. Seth Hudson
Deborah S. Layton
David A. Malman
Marc S. Rosenberg
David J. Toll
Thomas R. Wilcox, III
Associate Editors

Gary S. Auerbach
Pamela J. Babett
Robert F. Ball
Peter J. Barnes, III
David L. Baumberger
Francis S. Blatcher
Ann B. Cianflone
Alan N. Cooper
Walter B. Dennen
Arthur L. Dent
Joseph J. DeRita
Richard A. DiLiberto, Jr.
Thomas Fielding
Joel L. Frank
Dawn T. Furgele
Michael J. Goggins
James D. Golkow
Carol B. Haight
Patricia L. Handy
Jeffry B. Herman
Mark John Hill
Robert N. Hunn
Arthur B. Keppel
Jean C. Kissane
Richard B. Koelle
Theodore T. Kurlowicz
Craig S. Laughlin
Robert S. Levy
Anton G. Marzano
Steven F. Mones
Michael P. Morton
Linda E. Mosakowski
Carol Ann Murphy
Jeffrey Orenstein
Francis G.X. Pileggi
Alfred J. Quasti, Jr.
Marcia F. Rosenbaum
Philip L. Rothbart
Gregory J. Rubis
Joseph Schumacher
Barbara W. Thompson
Paula M. Tilmon
Joseph P. Trabucco
James M. Tyler
Kenneth A. Vercammen
Marc D. Weiner
Jeffrey A. Wigodsky
Joanne B. Wills
Staff

Francis J. Leto
Editor-in-Chief

John R. Brown
External Managing Editor

Harriet C. Lang
David C. Weiss
Articles Editors

Daniel R. Losco
Business Manager

Anne B. Horgan
Internal Managing Editor

Steven A. Friedman
Arvind K. Lal
Marc S. Stein
Research Editors

Anne E. Covey
Mary C. Culley
Mark T. Gallagher
Lawrence J. Gibson
Francis E. Hadden
Deborah S. Layton
Dominic S. Liberi
Lon E. Mamolen
Rosemary W. Miller
Kim D. Morton
Joseph H. Riches
Associate Editors

Ronald A. Amarant
Pamela J. Babett
Marilyn R. Bailey
John D. Balaguer
Robert F. Ball
David L. Baumberger
Frank S. Blatcher
Joseph Burke
Patricia J. Chalfant
Allen R. Crider
Charlene D. Davis
Joseph M. DeMarco
Thomas J. DiPilla
Kathleen L. Gingrich
James S. Godderz
Idelle A. Goldberg
Marjorie L. Grossman
Vicki A. Hagel
Carol B. Haight
Patricia L. Handy
Susan E.W. Herron
Emily B. Horton
Richard S. Hudson
Richard W. Hunt
Richard A. Isolda
John D. Kessler
K. Michelle Kline
Aurther Krawitz
Paul A. Lapinski
David J. Lyons
David A. Malman
Henry Moncure III
Christine M. Mooney
Jeffrey Orenstein
Barbera Paul
Marc S. Rosenberg
Mitchell S. Rosenzweig
Karen M. Scanlon
Jill T. Sheff
Steven J. Stirparo
Catherine H. Stockell
David J. Toll
James M. Tyler
Michael Walsh
Frederick I. Weinstein
Michael F. White
Jeffrey A. Wigodsky
Thomas R. Wilcox III
Joanne B. Wills
Stuart H. Zwerling
Staff

Kevin F. Brady
Editor-in-Chief

Michael D. Kelsey
External Managing Editor

James I. Devine
James J. Holzinger
Articles Editors

John J. Hubbert, III
Business Manager

Eldon M. Robinson
Internal Managing Editor

Salvatore D. DePinto
Bartholomew J. McDermott
Philip R. Rosenfeldt
Research Editors 

Paul R. Bartollacci
Kyle A. Burch
Robert P. Fulton
James A. Kaigh
Lawrence E. Keener-Farley
Associate Editors

Marilyn R. Bailey
John R. Brown
Anne E. Covey
Smary C. Culley
Charlene D. Davis
Steven A. Friedman
Mark T. Gallagher
Lawrence J. Gibson
Kathleen L. Gingrich
Francis E. Hadden
Carol B. Haight
George D. Harwood
Anne B. Horgan
Richard A. Isolda
Kingdon Kase
John D. Kessler
K. Michelle Kline
Arvind K. Lal
Harriet C. Lang
Paul A. Lapinski
Deborah S. Layton
Francis J. Letto
Dominic S. Leberi
Daniel R. Losco
David J. Lyon
Lon E. Mamolen
Thomas P. McGovern
Rosemary W. Miller
Henry Moncure III
Kim D. Morton
Richard H. Morton
Mark L. Newman
Joseph H. Riches
Richard H. Roemer
Mitchell S. Rosenzweig
Karen M. Scanlon
Jill T. Sheff
Rand Spear
Marc S. Stein
Elissa M. Stuttler
Wendy Way
David C. Weiss
Christopher B. Wolf
Staff

Kathi Ann E. Karsnitz
Editor-in-Chief

Pamela S. Tikellis
External Managing Editor

Joseph W. deFuria, Jr.
John Malone
Articles Editors

Kevin F. Brady
Business Manager

Diana M. O’Neill
Internal Managing Editor

Allan Friedland
Jeffrey B. Fromm
Sarah C. Makin
Research Editors

Anton Canuso
Nancy Ellen Davitt
Rosemary K. Killian
Mark Rockwell
Joseph D. Szczepaniak
Thomas R. Uliase
Associate Editors

Paul R. Bartolacci
Kyle A. Burch
Elizabeth A. Croke
Salvatore D. Depinto
James I. Devine
Stephen J. Devine
Donald E. Evans
Lewis Fichera
Brian G. Flanagan
Robert P. Fulton
George D. Harwood
James J. Holzinger
John J. Hubbert 
Jaime M. Kaigh
Kingdon Kase
Lawrence E. Keener-Farley
Michael D. Kelsey
Bartholomew J. McDermott
Mark L. Newman
Eldon M. Robinson
Richard H. Roemer
Joseph H. Rosen
Philip R. Rosenfeldt
Rand Spear
Gary F. Traynor
Staff

Anthony Wray Norwood
Editor-in-Chief

Eugene A. DiPrinzio
External Managing Editor

Patricia H. High
Joseph H. Jones, Jr.
Articles Editors

Stephen W. Spence
Business Manager

Karen A. Kane
Internal Managing Editor

A. Colleen Mallow
Weeun Wang
Research Editors

Bridget E. Grady
Unreported Cases Editor

Kathleen Bilotta
Larry A. Brodsky
Wayne J. Carey
Joseph W. deFuria, Jr.
Jill R. Ginsberg
Joanne L. Horn
Peter E. Kane
Edward P. Kelly
Mark Lynch
Bernadette D. Mooney
Thomas J. Shusted, Jr.
Barbara C. Siegell
Marc S. Sigal
Associate Editors

Kevin F. Brady
Anton Canuso
Robert P. Coleman
Elizabeth A. Croke
Nancy Ellen C. Davitt
Stephen J. Devine
Lewis Fichera
Brian G. Flanagan
Allan Friedland
Jerrery B. Fromm
Paul Gelman
Robert Goodyear
Edward J. Greene
Carolann Jackson
Kathi Ann E. Karsnitz
Rosemary K. Killian
Michael M. Ledyard
Brian M. Madden
Sarah C. Makin
John Malone
Kenneth J. Marino
Patricia Martin
Barbara J. May
Diana O’Neill
William Penrod
Mark Rockwell
Timothy Snyder
Joseph D. Szczepaniak
Pamela Tikellis
Gary F. Traynor
Thomas R. Uliase
James F. Wiley
William H. Woomer
Staff

Robert J. Borthwick
Editor-in-Chief

James F. Podheiser
External Managing Editor

Gerald E. Darling
Muriel L.D. Testa
Articles Editors

Mercedes Travis Chiari
Business Manager

Carol S. Widing
Internal Managing Editor

Rocco P. Imperatrice, III
George J. Meng
Research Editors

Hal A. Barrow
Catherine G. Colver
Laurence Harmelin
John R. Kancilia
Ellen Shaffer Meyer
Virginia H. Meyer
Rae Todaro
Dina S. Willner
Francis X. Melvin
Associate Editors

Kathleen Bilotta
Robert P. Brendza
Larry A. Brodsky
Susan J. Bruno
Wayne J. Carey
Eugene A. DiPrinzio
Jill R. Ginsberg
Bridget E. Grady
Patricia H. High
Randall E. Hobbs
Joanne L. Horn
Joseph H. Jones, Jr.
Karen A. Kane
Peter E. Kane
Edward P. Kelly
Mark Lynch
James M. Matour
Bernadette D. Mooney
Anthony W. Norwood
Thomas J. Shusted, Jr.
Barbara C. Siegell
Marc S. Sigal
Stephen W. Spence
Patricia Tate Stewart
Alan Trachten
Weeun Wang
Staff

Lawrence M. Gordon
Editor-in-Chief

Roy Alan Cohen
External Managing Editor

Lynne E. Fitzwater
Rosemary M. Miano
Robert A. Mosakowski
Articles Editors

M. Brad Ingerman
Business Manager

Carol I. Wicks
Internal Managing Editor

Maxine La Place
James C. Reed
Leslee S. Silverman
Research Editors

Beverly L. Bove
Seminar & Developments Editor

John C. Andrade
Leo Boyle
Paul I. Guest
Brad Jackman
Joseph F. Murray
Phebe S. Young
Associate Editors

Hal A. Barrow
Robert J. Borthwick
Richard Breen, Jr.
Robert P. Brendza
Susan J. Bruno
Mercedes T. Chiari
Gerald E. Darling
Catherine C. Delany
Laurence Harmelin
Randolph K. Herndon
Rocco P. Imperatrice
John R. Kancilia
James Matour
Fancis X. Melvin
George J. Meng
Ellen S. Meyer
Virginia H. Meyer
James F. Podheiser
Penny L. Quinn
Richard S. Roisman
Charles J. Shoaf
Ronald D. Smith
Muriel L. D. Testa
Rae Todaro
Carol S. Widing
Dina S. Willner
Staff

James P. Dalle Pazze
Editor-in-Chief

Marc R. Abrams
External Managing Editor

Eugene D. McGurk, Jr.
Lee A. Soloman
Articles Editors

James F. Nilon, Jr.
Business Manager

Richard E. Weltman
Internal Managing Editor

Frank J. Aritz
David C. Jones
Bruce M. Mundorf
Thomas I. Puleo
Research Editors

Sander H. Cohen
Special Projects Editor

Alene Berkowitz
Michael M. Cimino
Michael Cowley
Ronald J. Fichera
Anthony A. Figliola, Jr.
Thomas C. Gallagher
Howard S. Kaplan
Dennis J. Kusturiss
Richard Laibstain
Walter P. Rubel
Theresa A. Skelly
Peter P. Tozer
Associate Editors

Richard D. Adamson
John C. Andrade
Beverly L. Bove
Leo J. Boyle
Roy Alan Cohen
Lynne E. Fitzwater
Lawrence M. Gordon
Carl Greco
Ann Green
Paul I. Guest, Jr.
M. Brad Ingerman
Brad M. Jackman
Maxine La Place
Rosemary Milton Miano
Robert A. Mosakowski
Joseph F. Murray
James C. Reed
Milton Sacks
Andrew Semmelman
Leslee S. Silverman
Carol I. Wicks
Phebe S. Young
Staff

Richard J. Confair
Editor-in-Chief

Camille Bradford
Phil H. Leone
Managing Editors

Edward P. Azar
Kenneth H. Bashoff
Richard G. Handler
Articles Editors

Kenneth J. Slomienski
Business Manager

Carol S. Widing
Internal Managing Editor

Jonathon F. Altman
Barry F. Gultanoff
Jay E. Kivitz
Henry P. Zerella
Research Editors

John DiCicco
Special Projects Editor

Marie C. Bifferato
Jerome M. Capone
James E. Collins
Joseph J. Di Primio
Steven J. Dorn
J. Patrick Fitzgerald
Gregory D. Geiss
Robert J. Guerra
Gregory R. Jacobs
Christopher G. Limberis
Gregory M. Mallon
Gregory R. McCloskey
Margaret T. Murphy McKeown
John J. McKniff
Pamela Meitner
Associate Editors

Thomas N. Abbonizio
Marc Abrams
Frank J. Aritz
Alene Berkowitz
James F. Chelius
Michael M. Cimino
Sander H. Cohen
Michael Cowley
James P. Dalle Pazze
Michael B. Egan
Ronald J. Fichera
Anthony Figliola
Thomas C. Gallagher
Michael Gilfedder
Barbara L. Hudson
David C. Jones
Howard S. Kaplan
Dennis J. Kusturiss
Richard Laibstain
Peter V. Marks, Sr.
Eugene D. McGurk, Jr.
Vincent J. Morrison
Bruce M. Mundorf
James F. Nilon, Jr.
Thomas I. Puleo
James E. Rafferty
Barry Rothman
Walter P. Rubel
Theresa A. Skelly
Lee A. Solomon
Jerry H. Steiner
Peter P. Tozer
Billy Underwood
George A. Welsh
Richard E. Weltman
Staff

Steven B. Harz
Editor-in-Chief

Valerie I. Van Leer-Greenberg
Internal Managing Editor

John J.J. Jones, Jr.
Thomas Toole
James Vigliotti
Research Editors

Gary Mogil
Business Manager

Edward J. Schwabenland
Internal Managing Editor

Lucy S.L. Amerman
Jay Lawrence Fulmer
M. Jane Mahoney
Dona Hope Wolsko
Research Editors

Arnold H. Cantor
Carmen A. Cavacini
Eileen P. Cooper
Honey F. Golby
Charles Golin
J. Neil Greenstein
Michael F. Grossman
Morris J. Kurzrok
Ronald L. Lueddeke
Elizabeth M. Mayer
Patricia E. Niland
Richard A. Rosenblum
James D. Scheffey
Associate Editors

Jonathan F. Altman
Edward P. Azar
Kenneth H. Bashoff
Camille Bradford
William C. Carpenter, Jr.
Jerome M. Capone
James E. Collins
Richard J. Confair
John A. DiCicco
Joseph J. DiPrimio
Walter S. Frankowski, Jr.
Gregory D. Geiss
Janet H. Greenlee
Robert J. Guerr
Barry F. Gultanoff
Richard G. Handler
William E. Hecht
Gregory R. Jacobs
Dean C. Johnson
Dale P. Kennedy
Jay E. Kivitz
Phil H. Leone
Robert E. Levy
Christopher G. Limberis
John J. List
Gregory M. Mallon
Pamela Meitner
Gregory R. McCloskey
Margaret T. Murphy McKeown
John J. McKniff
Lawrence A. Rampulla
Kenneth J. Slomienski
Henry P. Zerella
Staff

Anita Volpe
Editor-in-Chief

Richard Zaretsky
Internal Managing Editor

Charles Costanza
Donald Lamutis
Rodney Robinson
Research Editors

Charles Modica
Business Manager

Thomas Etter
External Managing Editor

Robert Helfand
Gary Rochestie
Article Editors

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